Relief SCENE:Drought
2011 UN Famine Appeal Falls Short
Relief Program 24% Short of Goal And Need Is Expected to Increase.
The OCHA sent out a 126-page draft version to of their consolidated appeal report (CAP) communicate that requirements are not being met in their efforts to bring help to the Somali people. The figures are sobering. Targets are being missed by about half in the area of people receiving aid, food assistance and malnutrition has doubled. That doesn't quite match there their requirements of being the best funded appeal at 79% funding in their goal of reaching their approximate billion dollar mark. Understandably the goal posts in Somalia keep moving.

The report is not optimistic, saying the food security situation deteriorated by November 2011 compared to the same time last year.

"The year 2011 has been characterized by a rapid decline in the humanitarian situation in Somalia. The year started with some 2 million Somalis in humanitarian crisis. The failure of two rainy seasons, the Deyr rains ofOctober-December 2010 and the Gu rains of April-June 2011, led to a deepening drought amongst a population whose assets and livelihoods had already been depleted by six previous consecutive failed rainy seasons. In the second half of the year, a large swath of southern Somalia slid into famine and 4 million people were in crisis."

Many donors make public pledges that for a variety of reasons never make it to donations. Assessments of needs with price tags often never begin due to lack of funding. Many nations do not flow their contributions into the UN, preferring to donate directly resulting in almost 30% of donations being outside the UN program.

"Canada, Japan, Sweden, Norway, and Denmark top the list of those who gave more in 2011 than in the previous year. In addition, non-traditional donors significantly supported relief in Somalia for the first time in years. Overall non-traditional donors accounted for about one third of new funding since the declaration of famine. The top non-traditional donors were Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Brazil, China, Kuwait, and United Arab Emirates, together with over $143 million in total funding as of 28 September"
A higher percentage of funding than in previous years (28.5 per cent for 2011, as of 28 September 2011, compared to 18 per cent for 2010) went to projects outside of the CAP . There was no clear distinction between traditional and non-traditional donors in terms of how they apportioned their funding between CAP and non-CAP projects. Some traditional donors gave substantial amounts of funding to projects outside the CAP while some non-traditional donors, including the top three non-traditional donors, Saudi Arabia, Brazil and China, gave all their funding to CAP projects. Much of the funding for projects outside the CAP was given in-kind. Of $54 million in in-kind contributions recorded, none were for CAP projects.

The UN explanation is that the initial estimate simply rose out of hand with the double whammy of drought and violence. China estimated its donation of grain was worth $70 million making it the largest single grain donor.

The UN figures it will take another another $627 million to meet the 2.5 billion they estimate it will take to service the over 13 million people in Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and Djibouti who need urgent humanitarian assistance. Full report CAP_2012_DOC__Draft_2_23_Oct_HC_no_maps_included.pdf