What is...?
Galkayo Governed by Both Galmudug and Puntland Regional States
As part of our on-going series, "What Is...", Somalia Report examines Galkayo (Galka'ayo), a violence-ridden city in central Somalia. In today's Part One, we review the background, security, and infrastructure. In...
SR Begins Analysis of Somalia's Political Transition
Bulwark of TFG Governance, or Foreign Invaders?
History, Conflict, Clans and Governance
Somalia's Special Forces Operating in Mogadishu
Somalia Report Visits Fishing Village and Former Pirate Haven
Interview with ONLF Military Officer Abdirashid Abdi Halgame
A Special Report on SSC Region of Northern Somalia
A Somalia Report Special Profile
Somalia Report Profiles the Regional State of Galmudug
Presidential Platforms
An Interview with Haji Mohammed Yassin
Presidential Candidate Haji Mohammed Yassin
©Somalia Report
Presidential Candidate Haji Mohammed Yassin

As Somalia gears up for presidential elections in August of this year, Somalia Report will be providing a forum for candidates to publish their platforms. Without endorsement, we will offer equal footage to each candidate and an opportunity for the public to learn more about those who wish to represent them. The third candidate to speak with Somalia Report is Haji Mohamed Yassin Ismail and this is his message.

In His Own Words

My name is Haji Mohamed Yassin and I was born in 1953 in Mogadishu. Although my parents are originally from Puntland, I have grown up and gone to school in Mogadishu.

Between 1972 to 1978, I worked as an auditor for the government of Somalia. I then resigned to join an opposition group against former president Mohamed Siad Barre. The opposition group, Somali Salvation Democratic Front, was formed in Ethiopia and led by former President Abdullahi Yusuf.

I served in the opposition for three years and when Barre's government collapsed I resigned and got into the real estate business in Zimbabwe.

I have my first degree in public administration and studied...

Candidate Abdurahman M. Abdullahi (Baadiyow)
Candidate Abdirahman Abdishakur
June 23 - 29, 2012
Al-Shabaab in Trucks (File Photo)
Harakat Al-Shabaab Al Mujahideen
Al-Shabaab in Trucks (File Photo)
Insecurity across different regions of Somalia this week resulted in the deaths of at least 30 people and 28 others were injured. The incidents ranged from the killing of a local judge in northern Somalia, to fighting in central Somalia that killed two, to the murder of civilian. TFG commanders in southern Somalia claimed to have killed al-Shabaab fighters while al-Shabaab militants ambushed allied forces in Lower Jubba. The incidents occurred mainly in the regions of Banadir, Bay, Galgadud, Gedo, Lower Jubba,...
June 16 - 22, 2012
June 09 - 15, 2012
Turkey's Engagement WIth Somalia Continues At A Rapid Pace
Somalia's Drug Scourge
Lessons from History and Today's Reality
Weekly Security Roundup
May 26 - June 1, 2012
Al-Shabaab Fighters (File Photo)
Al-Shabaab Fighters (File Photo)

Insecurity across different regions of Somalia this week resulted in the deaths of at least 26 people and 42 others were injured. It has been a week of car accidents with more than 8 killed and 20 others injured. Other incidents ranged from the killing of a young al-Shabaab suspect in Mogadishu to a serious ambush of an AMISOM and TFG convoy with the Somali President resulting in the death of at least one TFG soldier. Other incidents...

May 19 - 25, 2012
May 12 - 18, 2012 (73 Dead, 90 Injured)
May 5 - May 11, 2012
April 28 - May 4, 2012
April 22 - 27, 2012
Somalia's Disintegration into Mini-States
©United Nations
Somalia Report investigates the impact of the establishment of mini-states on the country’s fragile stability.

In many ways, Somalia appears to be slowly recovering from two decades of civil war. One long-standing obstacle to the recovery process has been all but eliminated with the dramatic decline in the popularity of the al-Shabaab terrorist organization. As Somalia makes territorial gains against al-Shabaab and plans for national elections in August, many predict that Somalia is close to returning as a viable state. But for Ahmed Sheikh Ali, a lawyer and a former president of Somalia’s Court of Appeal, the country is far from standing on its own two feet. He is skeptical about the increasing semi-state phenomenon, describing it as "a war in waiting."

Mr. Ali, a veteran judge, is extremely frustrated by the increasing development of the system of mini-states in Somalia, which was introduced in the 2004 National Charter of the Somali Transitional Federal Government (TFG). Based on his extensive experience with the Somali cultural and judiciary systems, Sheikh Ali said the union of mini-states cannot bring Somalia peace, offering his opinion that “the mini-state style of government will reignite hidden clan conflagrations.”

His observations on this...

Somalia Report Explores the Ahlu Sunna Wal Jamma Militia
ASWJ Fighters
ASWJ Fighters
With multiple local and foreign forces supporting Somalia's Transitional Federal Government (TFG) in their battle against the hardline Islamic militant group, al-Shabaab, Somalia Report explores one group, the pro-government Sufi militia, Ahlu Sunna Wal Jamma (ASWJ).

History of Sufism

Sufism is a mystical Islamic sect with a considerable number of adherents in Somalia. Adherents seek to distance themselves from the material world and in that manner connect with their creator. In Somalia, the sect's presence goes as far back as the 15th century.

The Sufi sect gained respect in Somalia because they were solely devoted to the...

Cabinet Members Seen as Newcomers to Somali Politics
Prime Minister Abdiweli Mohamed Ali
Prime Minister Abdiweli Mohamed Ali

Dr. Abdiweli Mohamed Ali, a Harvard-educated technocrat, was appointed as Somalia’s prime minister following the June 2011 Kampala Accord that was endorsed by Somalia's President Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed and the speaker of the transitional federal parliament, Shariff Hassan Sheikh Aden. In turn, the new prime minister was responsible for appointing a new cabinet despite fierce political infighting between the speaker and the president.

In an effort to understand the make-up of the prime minister's cabinet, Somalia Report examines how the new ministerial posts are shared amongst the president, prime minister and the speaker using the 4.5 clan formula.

Sharing Cabinet Appointments

Dr. Abdiweli Mohamed Ali appointed 18 members to his cabinet, most of whom were drawn from the Somali community in the Diaspora and are...

New Recruits and Military Personnel Lack Formal Training
Somaliland Coast Guard
©Somalia Report
Somaliland Coast Guard

The work-force of the current Somaliland military is estimated at 28,000 with several divisions based in regions within Somaliland, notably Shimibirale in Sanaag, Lowiya’adho in the Djibouti Border, Burao, the second biggest city and Lasanod in the disputed region of Sool. A sizeable number of military personnel and its top-ranking commanders are based at the military headquarters in Somaliland’s capital, Hargeisa.

The Somaliland military is led by General Nuh Tani, a former general of the defunct Somali Army. He was re-appointed to the same position by President Ahmed Mohamed Silanyo late last year having served the Somaliland military also on a similar capacity under the previous administration of Dahir Rayalle Kahin.

Up until 2009, when cases of piracy grew at the Somaliland coastline and led to hostages being held at the waters, which geographically fall under Somaliland, the Somaliland military was composed entirely of army personnel. The surge in...